Irish or Scotish That is the question
The two people claim both to have given rise to the whisky. Nevertheless, according to any probability this one would have been brought to Ireland by monks from Egypt, which themselves had learned the process of distillation from the Arabs.
The monasteries establishments attracted the Celtic tribes and played a great part in the propagation of the process of the distillation of the usque whisky or uisce beatha, aqua vitae in Latin: brandy. Soon, the barley farmers of the North reserved a little grain which remained to them for distillation and even , started to cultivate new acres of barley to answer at the need for their gilded nectar. Certain documents show that an identical phenomenon occurred in Great Britain, in Wales and in North.
Ireland and Scotland, the whisky was quickly essential in all the festivals and in 1664, the king of England Charles 1st raised a tax on “any pint of brandy sold in this country”.
Clandestine distillation extends: the agents of the customs and the taxes were devoted to hard battles against the powerful and well armed smugglers. Chaos, confusion, and blood even, did not prevent the whisky from running in floods...
Finally in 1823, the regulations were modified and of the more reasonable scales of rights were imposed. Whereas the Irish whisky had reigned a long time in the London pubs, after the Victoria queen discovered and popularized the charms of the Scottish life, the whisky started to break towards the South, helped in that by the construction of roads and channels the true arteries of the industrial revolution.
The blended whisky, associating the malt whisky and grain alcohol from column stills, and the consequences of the devastations of the French vineyard by the phylloxéra which deprived the British easy classes of their wine and their cognac, developed and increased the taste for the whisky in Great Britain, tradition which remains until our days.
The Irish whisky was in the place of honour in the taverns of Boston and New York and was abruptly struck by the prohibition of 1920. Whereas the Scot, whose industry already was very developed were only too inclined to close their eyes on the illegal American imports, Ireland, devastated by the civil war and the fight for independence, could not answer a request which made extraordinary great strides.
During the second world war, the British government maintained a steady supply of whisky for the United States, whose dollars financed the war. Whereas British suffered from the restrictions of the post-war period, The “GI” traversed Europe, each one appearing to have inexhaustible whisky reserves in its luggage.
The taste for the whisky, hitherto relatively confined in British Isles, was spread thus in Europe.
Once the taste for the acquired blends, one realized in the joy that the individual malt whisky had charms even more vibrating, of which the Scot themselves were not always conscious.
There are various types of whisky which are individual in taste :the malts, the vatted malts, the grains whisky, the blends and varieties American, Canadian, and the others...